The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
The identification of microorganisms in the microbiology can be of high value for the optimal patient management strategies for infections caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, mycobacteria, and parasites. Rapid identification of microorganisms in clinical samples enables expedient de-escalation from broad-spectrum agents to antimicrobial therapy. They switch to tailored therapy of minimizing the risks of antibiotics, namely the disruption of normal flora, toxic side effects & selective pressure. There is an emergency need for new technologies in the clinical microbiology, particularly for blood stream infections, in which it is associated mortality is the highest of all infections. Most importantly there is a demand for clinical laboratory community to grasp the practices of evidence-based interventional laboratory medicine and collaborate in translational research projects to establish the clinical utility, cost benefit, and impact of new advancements
Microbial diversity is the study of unseen national resource it deserves the attention of which encompasses the spectrum of variability among different types of microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, viruses and etc. The natural world is altered by human intervention. It includes a vast array of microorganisms and also a spectrum of studies which are of important for many national purposes
Bacterial pathogenesis infects the host. Bacterial Infections forms biofilms with its pathogenic nature it may increases. But few pathogens like Pseudomonas syringe injects virulence in the plant host causes diseases. All the bacterias are not pathogens but few have the ability for pathogenesis. For the Diagnosis of Pathogenic microorganisms, direct techniques includes Immunofluorescence, immuno-peroxidase staining, and other immunoassays may detect specific microbial antigens
Microbial genetics studies the genetics of very small microorganisms; bacteria, archaea, viruses and some protozoa and fungi.This involves the study of the genotype of microbial species and also the expression system in the form of phenotypes. In microorganisms, several kinds of recombination are known to occur. The most common form is general recombination, which usually involves a reciprocal exchange of DNA between a pair of DNA sequences. It occurs everywhere on the microbial chromosome and is typified by the exchanges occurring in bacterial transformation, bacterial recombination, and bacterial transduction
Microbial Ecology it accords with the scientific study & analysis of all the organisms and environment. This is an integrative field it involves the Biology and Earth sciences. It consists of all microbial ecosystems, human health interactions, infectious diseases, human microbiome, environmental applications and interactions between micro and macroorganisms. Microbial Ecology also includes technological developments and applications of microbes in agriculture, oceans and soils.
Environmental microbiology it is the study of microorganisms which are living in artificial environments known as bioreactors, it is the composition and physiology of microbial communities in the environment. Microorganisms are present widely in the biosphere, and microorganisms presence it invariably affects the environment where they grow. By the effects of microorganisms in the environment can be beneficial or harmful to human measure. So the Beneficial effects of microbes are derived from the metabolic activities from the environment, its associations with plants, animals and from their utility in food production and biotechnological processes.
Industrial and Food Microbiology it deals the manufacturing of microbial biomass or microbial products by a process called fermentation. It is the study of microorganism that inhabits, create and contaminate the food while manufacturing food & industrial products like pharmaceuticals, food, beverage, and chemicals. Industrialists work on the utilization of microbiology on which they deal with screening, improvement, management, and exploitation of microorganisms for the production of various useful end products on a large scale
The survival of microorganisms was assumed since many centuries before their actual discovery. In the present generation, most of the antibiotic use in humans is to reduce the magnitude and term of morbidity of acute, community-acquired infections in immune competent patients, rather than to save lives. There is a negligible amount of consideration of contribution to phagocytosis and other host defenses in the researches. The antibiotic treatment regimens, which emphasizes antibiotics as if it was the sole mechanism responsible for the clearance of infections. Growing the antimicrobial-resistance concerns & dictates it needs to be tested & isolate against anti-microbes that were previously assumed for the effective agents
Parasitology is the study of biological parasites and parasitic diseases, involve the distribution, biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, ecology, evolution and clinical aspects of parasites which includes the host response to agents. Parasites are the organisms that exists or present in the another organism and survive by feeding off host it means that a parasite is an organism which is metabolically dependent on another organism for its survival. It traditionally includes the study of three important groups of animals that are parasitic protozoa, parasitic helminths, and arthropods it may directly cause the diseases or acts as vectors of various pathogens.
Veterinary Microbiology which is the study of the inter-disciplinary forum, that everyone can study different aspects of infections which are caused by the pathogenic microorganisms those are bacterial, viral & fungal infections in animals. Where they can help to maintain food supply by livestock treatment, health monitoring & mental health by keeping the pets healthy & long living. Veterinarians collaborate with epidemiologists. They are usually obliged to look after animal welfare. It deals with the diagnosis & diseases of the animals & they deals with the epidemiology, infection control, ethics, animal husbandry, and dairy technology.
Clinical microbiology is the coherence of macro & microorganisms in the normal & pathological conditions. There are four types of microorganisms that cause heavy sickness by microorganisms those are growth parasites, infections and irresistible proteins known as prion. Clinical microbiologists regularly fill in as experts for doctors, introducing distinguishing of pathogens and suggesting cure alternatives. The biosensor is a logical instrument which changes over a natural replication into an electrical flag. Biomarkers are pointers it distinguishes different organic properties, atoms and shows unhealthy procedures in the body.
Medical Microbiology has received numerous breakthroughs in the branch of Microbiology, by it’s constant updates and adapting itself to various futuristic approaches, to suit the need of patients, outbreaks and the need to mark the instantaneous crisis that arises. It basically helps in the diagnosis of pathogenic microbes, their identification, assistance in the treatment and monitoring the dosages of the antibiotics and the scope of antibiotic resistance. The stages of studying a medically important microbe are the physical & biological properties, Bio-chemical properties, pathogenesis, Diagnostic tests, resistant properties, and prognosis
Vaccination is the most effective method of prevention for infectious diseases. Vaccines & adjuvants are components which potentiate the immune system and accelerate the immune responses to an antigen. These components act to induce, prolong and enhance antigen-specific immune responses when it is used in combination with specific vaccine antigens. Antimicrobial is the agent that restricts the cell growth to fight against the potential bacteria the manufacturing companies are coming up with more advanced antimicrobial liquids, soaps & sanitizers.
Immunology defend us from foreign macro molecules or invading micro organisms. Invaders are viruses, bacteria, protozoa & larger parasites. Specific immune system includes that we see the production of antibodies, soluble proteins which bind foreign antigens & cell-mediated responses but specific cells recognize foreign pathogens and destroy them. But in viruses or tumors, this response is also vital to recognise and destroy of virally infected or tumorigenic cells. We develop immune responses against our own proteins & other molecules in autoimmunity against our own aberrant cells in tumor immunity. Ocular inflammatory diseases are a group ophthalmic conditions that are related to infectious, autoimmune and masquerade diseases
Bacteriology is that the study of bacteria and therefore the scientist who studies on bacteria are called because the bacteriologist. bacteriology involves the identification, classification and characterization of bacterial species. Bacteria is a single celled prokaryotic organism it can be viewed only through a microscope.
Virology afford with the study of virus a study of cultivation, genetics, taxonomy and disease producing properties. This protects a wide area comprising the structure, function, disease caused diagnosis and treatment caused by the viruses.
In this process, bacterial strains are generated and optimised to obtain the product of interest, such as recombinant antibodies (or) detecting and degrading the pollutants. We work for understanding the mechanism of bacterial use that export and secrete the proteins, which would help in developing bacterial recombinant strains that are used for delivery systems in the treatment of human diseases. And at-last fighting against pathogenic microorganisms requires a deep understanding of their behavior during infection and of how resistance develops as pathogens are challenged by antibiotics.
In this MB the micro-organisms used to supply products such as bread, beer and wine. Then in the second phase of traditional microbial biotechnology, it resulted within the development of acetone-butanol and glycerol fermentations which follows the processes yielding, for instance like acid , vitamins and antibiotics. Earlier traditional industrial microbiology was merged with biology to yield quite 40 biopharmaceutical products, like erythropoietin, human somatotropin and interferons. So now microbiology is a major part in the global industries
Many bacterias are associated with wound infection. The most common bacteria of the skin are staphylococci, and various streptococci, Sarcina spp, anaerobic Diphtheroids, gram-negative rods and others. microorganisms enter through the skin, multiply there and then produce diseases in the skin. For example those are impetigo, abscess and cellulitis are caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes.
Wounds may occur from Surgery, trauma and injections, so these wound infections occur mainly after the surgical procedures Wound sepsis is the result of cross-infection from human sources and from other outside sources.
It studies the microbial cell structures, growth and metabolism which function in the living organisms. Which covers the viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. It is then conveyed as the microbial cell functions that includes microbial growth, metabolism and cell structure. Microbial physiology is important in the field of metabolic engineering and functional genomics.
This ME(Microbial Endocrinology) which appears clear new emerging interdisciplinary field which are formed by intersecting fields of neurobiology & microbiology. For this objectives are to be examined & better understand how microorganisms would interact for their hosts under the circumstances of both health and disease. Microbes may be the both synthesized & directly respond to neuroendocrine hormones which provides the new framework for which it needed to get investigate how the microorganisms interfaces not only with the vertebrates, but also with invertebrates and also plants.
The discipline of biology which deals with the interaction of the parasite with their hosts is called Parasitology. Medical parasitology has it’s consonance with the pathogenic parasites affecting humans, clinical pathology and the reaction of the human’s immune system to counter these pathogens. It also deals with the distinctive processes of the infection and diagnosis, treatment, prevention & control. Moreover medical parasitology additionally contains of drug development, epidemiological studies and zoonosis. It is an interdisciplinary field, inveigled by Biochemistry, Immunology, Microbiology, and other applied existence sciences. Parasites inhabit the host of a remarkably excessive immuno-powerful immune system. Vector-borne infections are transferred through chunk of an infected arthropod, as an instance mosquitoes, ticks, bugs, sandflies and blackflies. Several parasitic worms developed resistance against other infectious retailers despite the fact that the mechanisms of resistance in protozoan parasites are not yet mentioned. About 50% of recognized malarial records are because of P. vivax. Recent advancements in modern-day diagnostic gear have ascertained new aspects for big improvements in parasitic detection.
Cancer Immunology is a branch of immunology and it studies interactions between the immune system and cancer cells. These cancer cells, through subtle alterations, become immortal malignant cells but are often not changed enough to elicit an immune reaction. Immune system can promote the elimination of tumors, but often immune responses are modulated or suppressed by the tumor microenvironment. The Tumor microenvironment is a crucial aspect of cancer biology that contributes to tumor initiation, tumor progression and responses to therapy. Cells and molecules of the system are a fundamental component of the tumor microenvironment.
Microbial biochemistry incorporates of biochemical reactions in microbial growth, different mechanisms/ techniques of pathogenesis required in inflicting contamination/ illnesses in the host. It consists of studies related to of growth, cell shape, metabolism, functions and the interactions of biological macromolecules, like carbohydrates, proteins, Fatty Acids and Lipids and nucleic acids of microbes; which cater the skeletal component and foundation of capabilities affiliated with lifestyles. Biochemical research of microbes is important in the mode of their action. Post genomic analyses, mechanisms, & replication, integrating plasmid functions, conjugation structures and regulatory network are the key factors that play a critical function in metabolism of microbes. While monomers are co-connected to synthesize a polymer, dehydration takes place regularly ensuing in assembly of various macromolecules in tons large complexes.
Pharmaceutical microbiology is one of the many facets of applied microbiology that is responsible for ensuring medications that do not contain harmful levels of the microbes such as bacteria, yeast & molds. It mainly focuses the manufacturing techniques, process controls and the finished products it attributes the limit and the harmful effects of microorganisms on the drug product
Many of these pediatric diseases are connected with the altered states of the microbiome. These microbiotas of the allergic and nonallergic infants are much different. The Earlier colonization with the bacteria are Bacteroides fragilis & Clostridium coccoides are then associated with the increased risk factor for asthma in children Changes the microbiota are also linked with the skin diseases including the psoriasis, atopic dermatitis and acne. Hygiene hypothesis proposes that improved hygiene leads to decreased exposure to infectious agents in early life that could cause increase in immune dysregulation and atopic diseases.
The study of microbial life in the sea, its role in ocean processes, its interactions with other marine life. Microbial life and the Earth have evolved together and the activities of microbes have affected the physical and geochemical properties of the planet. The actual driving forces are responsible for major planetary processes like changes in the composition of the atmosphere, oceans, soil, and rocks. This is mainly relevant to the consideration of the marine environment, for the huge proportion of the biosphere. The preponderance of microbes and the importance of their activities are unseen in everyday life of human experience