The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Rapid identification of microorganisms in the clinical microbiology can be of great value for selection of optimal patient management strategies for infections caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, mycobacteria, and parasites. Rapid identification of microorganisms in clinical samples enables expedient de-escalation from broad-spectrum agents to targeted antimicrobial therapy. They switch to tailored therapy of minimizing the risks of antibiotics, namely the disruption of normal flora, toxic side effects & selective pressure. There is an emergency need for new technologies in the clinical microbiology, particularly for blood stream infections, in which it is associated mortality is the highest of all infections. Just as importantly, there is a need for the clinical laboratory community to embrace the practices of evidence-based interventional laboratory medicine and collaborate in translational research projects to establish the clinical utility, cost benefit, and impact of new technologies.
- Track 1-1Microbial Production of Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals and Biosurfactants.
- Track 1-2Medical advancement
- Track 1-3Drug and Health research
- Track 1-4Global analysis of food safety products
- Track 1-5Interaction with environment
- Track 1-6Microbial biopesticides and antimicrobial products
Microbial diversity is the study of unseen national resource it deserves the greater attention which encompasses the spectrum of variability among different types of microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, viruses and etc. The natural world is altered by human intervention. It includes a vast array of microorganisms and also a spectrum of studies which are of important for many national purposes.
- Track 2-1Microbial Genome studies
- Track 2-2Microscopic methods for assessing microbial diversity
- Track 2-3Molecular and genomic methods
- Track 2-4Phylogenetic analysis
- Track 2-5Microbial diversity and global environmental issues
Bacterial pathogenesis infects the host. Bacterial Infections forms biofilms with its pathogenic nature it may increases. But few pathogens like Pseudomonas syringe injects virulence in the plant host causes diseases. All the bacterias are not pathogens but few have the ability for pathogenesis. For the Diagnosis of Pathogenic microorganisms, direct Examinations and Techniques includes Immunofluorescence, immuno-peroxidase staining, and other immunoassays may detect specific microbial antigens.
- Track 3-1Host Susceptibility
- Track 3-2Bacterial Infectivity
- Track 3-3Genetic and Molecular Basis for Virulence
- Track 3-4Host-mediated Pathogenesis
- Track 3-5Bacterial defense of phagocytosis and immune response
- Track 3-6Bacterial structure relationship to pathogenicity
Microbial genetics it is the study of the genotype microbial species and also the expression system in the form of phenotypes. Microorganisms like bacteria, archaea, viruses, protozoa and fungi Microorganisms are the several kinds of recombinations may occur. A general recombination is a common form but it usually involves a reciprocal exchange of DNA between a pair of DNA sequences.This occurs anywhere on the microbial chromosome and is characterized by the exchanges occurring in bacterial transformation, bacterial recombination & bacterial transduction.
- Track 4-1Bacteria
- Track 4-2Archaea
- Track 4-3Fungi
- Track 4-4Protozoa
- Track 4-5Viruses
Clinical microbiology is the coherence of macro & microorganisms in the normal & pathological conditions. There are four types of microorganisms that cause heavy sickness by microorganisms those are growth parasites, infections and irresistible proteins known as prion. Clinical microbiologists regularly fill in as experts for doctors, introducing distinguishing of pathogens and suggesting cure alternatives. The biosensor is a logical instrument which changes over a natural replication into an electrical flag. Biomarkers are pointers it distinguishes different organic properties, atoms and shows unhealthy procedures in the body.
- Track 5-1Pathology
- Track 5-2Biomarker tools in microbial diagnosis
- Track 5-3Clinical Applications of Mass Spectrometry
- Track 5-4Market orientated device development
- Track 5-5Cultural techniques
- Track 5-6Microscopic techniques
Environmental microbiology it is the study of microorganisms that are living in artificial environments such as bioreactors, it is the composition and physiology of microbial communities in the environment. Microorganisms are present widely in the biosphere, and microorganisms presence it invariably affects the environment where they grow. By the effects of microorganisms in the environment can be beneficial or harmful to human measure. So the Beneficial effects of microbes are derived from metabolic activities from the environment, its associations with plants, animals and from their use in food production and biotechnological processes.
- Track 6-1Microbial ecology
- Track 6-2Microbially mediated nutrient cycling
- Track 6-3Geo,soil,water,aero microbiology
- Track 6-4Microbial diversity
- Track 6-5Bioremediation
- Track 6-6Biodegradation
- Track 6-7Bio deterioration
Industrial and Food Microbiology it deals the manufacturing of microbial biomass or microbial products by a process called fermentation. It is the study of microorganism that inhabits, create and contaminate the food while manufacturing food & industrial products like pharmaceuticals, food, beverage, and chemicals. Industrialists work on the utilization of microbiology they deal with screening, improvement, management, and exploitation of microorganisms for the production of various useful end products on a large scale.
- Track 7-1Industrial beneficial micro organisms
- Track 7-2Waste treatment in industry
- Track 7-3Fermentation
- Track 7-4Beverage production
- Track 7-5Food processing ,transport and safety
- Track 7-6Probiotics, Prebiotics & Synbiotics
- Track 7-7Biopolymers
- Track 7-8Production of antibiotics and pharmaceutical products
Parasitology is the study of biological parasites and parasitic diseases, involve the distribution, biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, ecology, evolution and clinical aspects of parasites which includes the host response to agents. Parasites are the organisms that exists or present in the another organism and survive by feeding off host it means that a parasite is an organism which is metabolically dependent on another organism for its survival. It traditionally includes the study of three major groups of animals that are parasitic protozoa, parasitic helminths (worms), and arthropods it may directly cause the diseases or acts as vectors of various pathogens.
- Track 8-1Medical parasitology
- Track 8-2Veterinary parasitology
- Track 8-3Structural parasitology
- Track 8-4Quantitative parasitology
- Track 8-5Host-Parasite associations and effects
- Track 8-6Other Zooparasites
The survival of microorganisms was assumed since many centuries before their actual discovery. In the present generation, most of the antibiotic use in humans is to reduce the magnitude and term of morbidity of acute, community-acquired infections in immune competent patients, rather than to save lives. There is a negligible amount of consideration of contribution to phagocytosis and other host defenses in the researches. The antibiotic treatment regimens, which emphasizes antibiotics as if it was the sole mechanism responsible for the clearance of infections. Growing the antimicrobial-resistance concerns & dictates it needs to be tested & isolate against anti-microbes that were previously assumed for the effective agents.
- Track 9-1Microbial physiology
- Track 9-2Molecular Microbiology
- Track 9-3Pharmaceutical microbiology
- Track 9-4Medical Microbiology
- Track 9-5Industrial microbiology
- Track 9-6Food Microbiology
- Track 9-7Evolutionary microbiology
- Track 9-8Environmental Microbiology
Veterinary Microbiology which is the study of the inter-disciplinary forum, that everyone can study different aspects of infections which are caused by the pathogenic microorganisms those are bacterial, viral & fungal infections in animals. Where they can help to maintain food supply by livestock treatment, health monitoring & mental health by keeping the pets healthy & long living. Veterinarians collaborate with epidemiologists. They are usually obliged to look after animal welfare. It deals with the diagnosis & diseases of the animals & they deals with the epidemiology, infection control, ethics, animal husbandry, and dairy technology.
- Track 10-1Antibiotic use & resistance in animals
- Track 10-2 vaccines for animals
- Track 10-3Veterinary Infections
- Track 10-4medication for Issues and applications
- Track 10-5Diagnostic techniques for Animals
- Track 10-6Resistence of infections to animals
- Track 10-7Dairy bacteriophage & fermentation
Microbial Ecology it accord with the scientific study & analysis of all the organisms and environment. This is an integrative field it involves the Biology and Earth sciences. It consists of all microbial ecosystems, human health interactions, infectious diseases, human microbiome, environmental applications and interactions between micro and macroorganisms. Microbial Ecology also includes technological developments and applications of microbes in agriculture, oceans and soils.
- Track 11-1Eukaryota, Archaea, and Bacteria
- Track 11-2Viruses, Fungi, Parasites
- Track 11-3Bio-Geochemical Cycles
- Track 11-4Microbial Interactions
- Track 11-5Applied environmental microbiology
Plant diseases are the serious threat to food security, food safety, national economies, biodiversity and the rural environment. Infectious plant diseases are caused by a pathogenic organism such as a fungus, bacterium, mycoplasma, virus, viroid, nematode, or parasitic flowering plant.The infectious agent is capable of reproducing within or on its host and spreading from one susceptible host to another. The infectious are caused by Virus, Bacteria, Fungi, Nematodes and parasites.
- Track 12-1Parasitic diseases and fungal infections
- Track 12-2Nematodes and protozoa causing infections
- Track 12-3Plant viruses
- Track 12-4Plant pathogens & diseases causing Bacteria
- Track 12-5Control of plant diseases
- Track 12-6vaccination in plant diseases
Vaccination is the most effective method of prevention for infectious diseases. Vaccines & adjuvants are components which potentiate the immune system and accelerate the immune responses to an antigen. These components act to induce, prolong and enhance antigen-specific immune responses when it is used in combination with specific vaccine antigens. Antimicrobial is the agent that kills or restricts the cell growth.To fight against the potential bacteria now-a-days, the manufacturing companies are coming up with more advanced antimicrobial liquids, soaps & sanitizers.
- Track 13-1Measles and mumps
- Track 13-2Co-infections
- Track 13-3Yellow fever
- Track 13-4Schistosomiasis
- Track 13-5Probiotics
Immunology defend us from foreign macro molecules or invading micro organisms. Invaders are viruses, bacteria, protozoa & larger parasites. Specific immune system includes that we see the production of antibodies, soluble proteins which bind foreign antigens & cell-mediated responses but specific cells recognize foreign pathogens and destroy them. But in viruses or tumors, this response is also vital to recognise and destroy of virally infected or tumorigenic cells. We develop immune responses against our own proteins & other molecules in autoimmunity against our own aberrant cells in tumor immunity. Ocular inflammatory diseases are a group ophthalmic conditions that are related to infectious, autoimmune and masquerade diseases.
- Track 14-1Structure And Function Of Immunoglobulin - Antibodies
- Track 14-2Immunoregulation
- Track 14-3Clinical immunology
- Track 14-4Tumour immunology
- Track 14-5immuno-deficiencies.
- Track 14-6Cell mediated immunity
- Track 14-7Antibody formation
- Track 14-8Innate (non specific) Immunity
- Track 15-1Anatomy,physiology and ecology of bacteria and virus
- Track 15-2Genetics of bacteria and virus
- Track 15-3Bacterial and viral genomics and metabolism
- Track 15-4Advances in antibacterial antiviral infections and vaccines
- Track 15-5Bacterial and viral diseases and cures
- Track 15-6Uses of bacteria and viruses
- Track 15-7Fermentation and culture techniques
In this process, bacterial strains are generated and optimised to obtain the product of interest, such as recombinant antibodies (or) detecting and degrading the pollutants. We work for understanding the mechanism of bacterial use that export and secrete the proteins, which would help in developing bacterial recombinant strains that are used for delivery systems in the treatment of human diseases. And at-last fighting against pathogenic microorganisms requires a deep understanding of their behavior during infection and of how resistance develops as pathogens are challenged by antibiotics.
- Track 16-1 Microbial Biofuel production
- Track 16-2Microbial BioEnergy
- Track 16-3Proteomics & metabolomics
- Track 16-4Biofilm engineering
- Track 16-5Enzyme & protein engineering
In this MB the micro-organisms used to supply products such as bread, beer and wine. Then in the second phase of traditional microbial biotechnology it resulted in the development of acetone-butanol and glycerol fermentations which follows the processes yielding, for example like citric acid, vitamins and antibiotics. Earlier traditional industrial microbiology was merged with molecular biology to yield more than 40 biopharmaceutical products, such as erythropoietin, human growth hormone and interferons. So now microbiology is a major part in the global industries.
- Track 17-1Microbial responses to hostile environments
- Track 17-2Microbial Enzymes
- Track 17-3Prokaryotes & Eukaryotes
- Track 17-4Bacterial Transformation
- Track 17-5Microbial genomes
- Track 17-6Microbial diagnostics
- Track 17-7Microbial resistance to antibiotics
Many bacterias are associated with wound infection. The most common bacteria of the skin are: staphylococci, and various streptococci, Sarcina spp, anaerobic Diphtheroids, gram negative rods and others. microrganisms enter through the skin, multiply there and then produce diseases in the skin. For example those are impetigo, abscess and cellulitis are caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes.
- Track 18-1Cellulitis
- Track 18-2Boils
- Track 18-3Folliculitis
- Track 18-4Impetigo
- Track 18-5Sporotrichosis
- Track 18-6Erysipelas
It studies the microbial cell structures, growth and metabolism which function in the living organisms. Which covers the viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. It is then conveyed as the microbial cell functions that includes microbial growth, metabolism and cell structure. Microbial physiology is important in the field of metabolic engineering and functional genomics.
- Track 19-1Growth and reproduction of microbes
- Track 19-2Nutrient Media
- Track 19-3Cell metabolism
- Track 19-4Bacterial transport systems
- Track 19-5Types of microbial nutrition
This ME(Microbial Endocrinology) which appears clear new emerging interdisciplinary field which are formed by intersecting fields of neurobiology & microbiology. For this objectives are to be examined & better understand how microorganisms would interact for their hosts under the circumstances of both health and disease. Microbes may be the both synthesized & directly respond to neuroendocrine hormones which provides the new framework for which it needed to get investigate how the microorganisms interfaces not only with the vertebrates, but also with invertebrates and also plants.
- Track 20-1Bacteria-Neuroendocrine Hormone Interactions
- Track 20-2Interactions Between Bacteria and the Gut Mucosa
- Track 20-3Role of Microbial Endocrinology in Periodontal Disease
- Track 20-4Staphylococci, Catecholamine Inotropes and Hospital-Acquired Infections
- Track 20-5Microbial Endocrinology Research
The discipline of biology which deals with the interaction of the parasite with their hosts is called Parasitology. Medical parasitology has it’s consonance with the pathogenic parasites affecting humans, clinical pathology and the reaction of the human’s immune system to counter these pathogens. It also deals with the distinctive processes of the infection and diagnosis, treatment, prevention & control. Moreover medical parasitology additionally contains of drug development, epidemiological studies and zoonosis. It is an interdisciplinary field, inveigled by Biochemistry, Immunology, Microbiology, and other applied existence sciences. Parasites inhabit the host of a remarkably excessive immuno-powerful immune system. Vector-borne infections are transferred through chunk of an infected arthropod, as an instance mosquitoes, ticks, bugs, sandflies and blackflies. Several parasitic worms developed resistance against other infectious retailers despite the fact that the mechanisms of resistance in protozoan parasites are not yet mentioned. About 50% of recognized malarial records are because of P. vivax. Recent advancements in modern-day diagnostic gear have ascertained new aspects for big improvements in parasitic detection.
- Track 21-1General Parasitology
- Track 21-2Medical Helminthology
- Track 21-3Medical Entomology
- Track 21-4Diagnostic Parasitology
Microbial Nano-biotechnology is still an incipient field, yet it is step by step picking up prominence, particularly with the programmed parallel arrangement of viral building blocks is in the hand's compass after the recent advancement of chip-based DNA control to the cell-refined methods. The specialists are very nearly finishing the era of infection based nanoparticles, multi-layered exhibits and crossover infection systems by consolidation of quantum dots and carbon nanotubes (CNTs). These amazing and huge methodologies of life-sciences in relationship with science, material science and building have turned into the establishment of present day bio-physical prescription and are opening a wide range of methodologies in all these fields.
- Track 22-1Bioengineering
- Track 22-2Biomedical Imaging
- Track 22-3Drug Design
- Track 22-4Enzyme Technology
Cancer Immunology is a branch of immunology and it studies interactions between the immune system and cancer cells. These cancer cells, through subtle alterations, become immortal malignant cells but are often not changed enough to elicit an immune reaction. Immune system can promote the elimination of tumors, but often immune responses are modulated or suppressed by the tumor microenvironment. The Tumor microenvironment is an important aspect of cancer biology that contributes to tumor initiation, tumor progression and responses to therapy. Cells and molecules of the immune system are a fundamental component of the tumor microenvironment.
Microbial biochemistry incorporates of biochemical reactions in microbial growth, different mechanisms/ techniques of pathogenesis required in inflicting contamination/ illnesses in the host. It consists of studies related to of growth, cell shape, metabolism, functions and the interactions of biological macromolecules, like carbohydrates, proteins, Fatty Acids and Lipids and nucleic acids of microbes; which cater the skeletal component and foundation of capabilities affiliated with lifestyles. Biochemical research of microbes is important in the mode of their action. Post genomic analyses, mechanisms, & replication, integrating plasmid functions, conjugation structures and regulatory network are the key factors that play a critical function in metabolism of microbes. While monomers are co-connected to synthesize a polymer, dehydration takes place regularly ensuing in assembly of various macromolecules in tons large complexes.
- Track 24-1Chemical Biology
- Track 24-2Microbial metabolism
- Track 24-3Chemical Microbiology
- Track 24-4Microbial Genetics
- Track 24-5Microbial Assay
Pharmaceutical microbiology is one of the many facets of applied microbiology that is responsible for ensuring medications that do not contain harmful levels of the microbes such as bacteria, yeast & molds. It mainly focuses the manufacturing techniques, process controls and the finished products it attributes the limit and the harmful effects of microorganisms on the drug product.
- Track 25-1Biochemical activity of the microbes
- Track 25-2Microbiological stabilization of medicaments & Methods used for control of sterility
- Track 25-3Pathogenicity and virulence of bacteria
- Track 25-4Optical methods (microscopes) used in microbiology
- Track 25-5Replication of bacteria and the growth curve
Many of these pediatric diseases are connected with the altered states of the microbiome. These microbiotas of the allergic and nonallergic infants are much different. The Earlier colonization with the bacteria are Bacteroides fragilis & Clostridium coccoides are then associated with the increased risk factor for asthma in children Changes the microbiota are also linked with the skin diseases including the psoriasis, atopic dermatitis and acne. Hygiene hypothesis proposes that improved hygiene leads to decreased exposure to infectious agents in early life that could cause increase in immune dysregulation and atopic diseases.
- Track 26-1Host-Microbiome Development
- Track 26-2Cell Host & Microbe
- Track 26-3Pediatric Dysbiosis and Related Disease
- Track 26-4Antibiotics in Microbiome
The study of microbial life in the sea, its role in ocean processes, its interactions with other marine life.Microbial life and the Earth have evolved together and the activities of microbes have affected the physical and geochemical properties of the planet. The actual driving forces are responsible for major planetary processes like changes in the composition of the atmosphere, oceans, soil, and rocks.This is mainly relevant to the consideration of marine environment, for the huge proportion of the biosphere.The preponderance of microbes and the importance of their activities are unseen in everyday life of human experience.
- Track 27-1Marine Science
- Track 27-2Marine Ecology
- Track 27-3Microbial and Chemical Biodiversity
- Track 27-4Marine Natural Products Chemistry